UGC NET Solved Paper I Nov 2017
1. Which of the following set of statements best represents the nature and objective of teaching and learning ?
(a) Teaching is like selling and learning is like buying.
(b) Teaching is a social act while learning is a personal act.
(c) Teaching implies learning whereas learning does not imply teaching.
(d) Teaching is a kind of delivery of knowledge while learning is like receiving it.
(e) Teaching is an interaction and is triadic in nature whereas learning is an active engagement in a subject domain.
(1) (a), (d) and (e) (2) (b), (c) and (e)
(3) (a), (b) and (c) (4) (a), (b) and (d)
2. From the list given below identify the learner characteristics which would facilitate teaching learning system to become effective. Choose the correct code to indicate your answer.
(a) Prior experience of learner (b) Learner’s family lineage
(c) Aptitude of the learner (d) Learner’s stage of development
(e) Learner’s food habits and hobbies (f) Learner’s religious affiliation
(1) (a), (c) and (d) (2) (d), (e) and (f)
(3) (a), (d) and (e) (4) (b), (c) and (f)
3. Assertion (A) : All teaching implies learning.
Reason (R) : Learning to be useful must be derived from teaching.
Choose the correct answer from the following :
(1) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(2) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(3) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(4) (A) is false, but (R) is true.
4. On the basis of summative tests, a teacher is interpreting his/her students, performance in terms of their wellness life style evident in behaviour. This will be called :
(1) Formative testing (2) Continuous and comprehensive evaluation
(3) Norm – referenced testing (4) Criterion – referenced testing
5. Which one of the following is a key behaviour in effective teaching ?
(1) Using student ideas and contribution
(3) Instructional variety
6. Which of the following research types focuses on ameliorating the prevailing situations ?
(1) Fundamental Research (2) Applied Research
(3) Action Research (4) Experimental Research
7. A researcher attempts to evaluate the effect of method of feeding on anxiety – proneness of children. Which method of research would be appropriate for this ?
(1) Case study method (2) Experimental method
(3) Ex-post-facto method (4) Survey method
8. In which of the following arrangements a wider spectrum of ideas and issues may be made possible ?
(1) Research Article (2) Workshop mode
(3) Conference (4) Symposium
9. In finalizing a thesis writing format which of the following would form part of supplementary pages ?
(1) List of tables and figures (2) Table of contents
(3) Conclusions of the study (4) Bibliography and Appendices
10. Which of the following is susceptible to the issue of research ethics ?
(1) Inaccurate application of statistical techniques
(2) Faulty research design
(3) Choice of sampling techniques
(4) Reporting of research findings
Read the passage carefully and answer question numbers from 11 to 15.
Climate change is considered to be one of the most serious threats to sustainable development, with adverse impacts on the environment, human health, food security, economic activity, natural resources and physical infrastructure. Global climate varies naturally. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the effects of climate change have already been observed, and scientific findings indicate that precautionary and prompt action is necessary. Vulnerability to climate change is not just a function of geography or dependence on natural resources; it also has social, economic and political dimensions which influence how climate change affects different groups. Poor people rarely have insurance to cover loss of property due to natural calamities i.e. drought, floods, super cyclones etc. The poor communities are already struggling to cope with the existing challenges of poverty and climate variability and climate change could push many beyond their ability to cope or even survive. It is vital that these communities are helped to adapt to the changing dynamics of nature. Adaptation is a process through which societies make themselves better able to cope with an uncertain future. Adapting to climate change entails taking the right measures to reduce the negative effects of climate change (or exploit the positive ones) by making the appropriate adjustments and changes. These range from technological options such as increased sea defences or flood – proof houses on stilts to behavioural change at the individual level, such as reducing water use in times of drought. Other strategies include early warning systems for extreme events, better water management, improved risk management, various insurance options and biodiversity conservation. Because of the speed at which climate change is happening due to global temperature rise, it is urgent that the vulnerability of developing countries to climate change is reduced and their capacity to adapt is increased and national adaptation plans are implemented. Adapting to climate change will entail adjustments and changes at every level from community to national and international. Communities must build their resilience, including adopting appropriate technologies while making the most of traditional knowledge, and diversifying their livelihoods to cope with current and future climate stress. Local coping strategies and knowledge need to be used in synergy with government and local interventions. The need of adaptation interventions depends on national circumstances. There is a large body of knowledge and experience within local communities on coping with climatic variability and extreme weather events. Local communities have always aimed to adapt to variations in their climate. To do so, they have made preparations based on their resources and their knowledge accumulated through experience of past weather patterns. This includes times when they have also been forced to react to and recover from extreme events, such as floods, drought and hurricanes. Local coping strategies are an important element of planning for adaptation. Climate change is leading communities to experience climatic extremes more frequently, as well as new climate conditions and extremes. Traditional knowledge can help to provide efficient, appropriate and time – tested ways of advising and enabling adaptation to climate change in communities who are feeling the effects of climate changes due to global warming.
11. Given below are the factors of vulnerability of poor people to climate change. Select the code that contains the correct answer.
(a) Their dependence on natural resources
(b) Geographical attributes
(c) Lack of financial resources
(d) Lack of traditional knowledge
(1) (a), (b) and (c) (2) (b), (c) and (d)
(3) (a), (b), (c) and (d) (4) (c) only
12. Adaptation as a process enables societies to cope with :
(a) An uncertain future
(b) Adjustments and changes
(c) Negative impact of climate change
(d) Positive impact of climate change
Select the most appropriate answer from the following code :
(1) (a), (b), (c) and (d) (2) (a) and (c)
(3) (b), (c) and (d) (4) (c) only
13. To address the challenge of climate change, developing countries urgently require :
(1) Imposition of climate change tax
(2) Implementation of national adaptation policy at their level
(3) Adoption of short-term plans
(4) Adoption of technological solutions
14. The traditional knowledge should be used through :
(1) Its dissemination
(2) Improvement in national circumstances
(3) Synergy between government and local interventions
(4) Modern technology
15. The main focus of the passage is on :
(1) Combining traditional knowledge with appropriate technology
(2) Co-ordination between regional and national efforts
(3) Adaptation to climate change
(4) Social dimensions of climate change
16. The interaction between a teacher and students creates a zone of proximal :
(1) Difference (2) Confusion
(3) Development (4) Distortion
17. The spatial audio reproduction in a classroom can reduce the students’ :
(1) Cognitive load in understanding
(2) Respect for the teacher
(3) Motivation for excellence
(4) Interest in technology – orientation
18. The classroom communication should essentially be :
(1) Contrived (2) Empathetic (3) Abstract (4) Non-descriptive
19. A good communicator begins his/her presentation with a :
(1) Complex question (2) Non-sequitur
(3) Repetitive phrase (4) Ice-breaker
20. In a classroom, the probability of message reception can be enhanced by :
(1) Establishing a viewpoint
(2) Exposing the ignorance of students
(3) Increasing the information load
(4) Using high decibel audio tools
21. In the series 1, 6, 15, 28, 45, ………… the next term will be :
(1) 66 (2) 76 (3) 56 (4) 84
22. The next term in the series ABD, DGK, HMS, MTB, ………. is :
(1) NSA (2) SBL (3) PSK (4) RUH
23. In certain code, “COVALENT” is coded as BWPDUOFM. The code of “ELEPHANT” will be :
(1) MFUIQRTW (2) QMUBIADH
(3) QFMFUOBI (4) EPHNTEAS
24. Ajay is a friend of Rakesh. Pointing to an old man Ajay asked Rakesh who is he ? Rakesh said “His son is my son’s uncle”. The old man is related to Rakesh as :
(1) Grandfather (2) Father-in-law
(3) Father (4) Uncle
25. A postman walked 20 m straight from his office, turned right and walked 10 m. After turning left he walked 10 m and after turning right walked 20 m. He again turned right and walked 70 m. How far he is from his office ?
(1) 50 m. (2) 40 m. (3) 60 m. (4) 20 m.